Mark Twain: A Biography by Albert Bigelow Paine

Автор: andrey4444. Опубликовано в Марк Твен

Certain happenings as recorded in this work will be found to differ materially from the same incidents and episodes as set down in the writings of Mr. Clemens himself. Mark Twain’s spirit was built of the very fabric of truth, so far as moral intent was concerned, but in his earlier autobiographical writings — and most of his earlier writings were autobiographical — he made no real pretense to accuracy of time, place, or circumstance — seeking, as he said, “only to tell a good story”— while in later years an ever-vivid imagination and a capricious memory made history difficult, even when, as in his so-called “Autobiography,” his effort was in the direction of fact.

“When I was younger I could remember anything, whether it happened or not,” he once said, quaintly, “but I am getting old, and soon I shall remember only the latter.”

The reader may be assured, where discrepancies occur, that the writer of this memoir has obtained his data from direct and positive sources: letters, diaries, accountbooks, or other immediate memoranda; also from the concurring testimony of eye-witnesses, supported by a unity of circumstance and conditions, and not from hearsay or vagrant printed items.

Table of Contents:
An Acknowledgment
Prefatory Note
1. Ancestors
2. The Fortunes of John and Jane Clemens
3. A Humble Birthplace
4. Beginning a Long Journey
5. The Way of Fortune
6. A New Home
7. The Little Town of Hannibal
8. The Farm
9. School-Days
10. Early Vicissitude and Sorrow
11. Days of Education
12. Tom Sawyer’s Band
13. The Gentler Side
14. The Passing of John Clemens
15. A Young Ben Franklin
16. The Turning-Point
17. The Hannibal “Journal”
18. The Beginning of a Literary Life
19. In the Footsteps of Franklin
20. Keokuk Days
21. Scotchman Named Macfarlane
22. The Old Call of the River
23. The Supreme Science
24. The River Curriculum
25. Love-Making and Adventure
26. The Tragedy of the “Pennsylvania”
27. The Pilot
28. Piloting and Prophecy
29. The End of Piloting
30. The Soldier
31. Over the Hills and Far Away
32. The Pioneer
33. The Prospector
34. Territorial Characteristics
35. The Miner
36. Last Mining Days
37. The New Estate
38. One of the “Staff”
39. Philosophy and Poetry
40. “Mark Twain”
41. The Cream of Comstock Humor
42. Reportorial Days
43. Artemus Ward
44. Governor of the “Third House”
45. A Comstock Duel
46. Getting Settled in San Francisco
47. Bohemian Days
48. The Refuge of the Hills
49. The Jumping Frog
50. Back to the Tumult
51. The Corner-Stone
52. A Commission to the Sandwich Islands
53. Anson Burlingame and the “Hornet” Disaster
54. The Lecturer
55. Highway Robbery
56. Back to the States
57. Old Friends and New Plans
58. A New Book and a Lecture
59. The First Book
60. The Innocents at Sea
61. The Innocents Abroad
62. The Return of the Pilgrims
63. In Washington — A Publishing Proposition
64. Olivia Langdon
65. A Contract with Elisha Bliss, Jr.
66. Back to San Francisco
67. A Visit to Elmira
68. The Rev. “Joe” Twichell
69. A Lecture Tour
70. Innocents at Home — And “The Innocents Abroad”
71. The Great Book of Travel
72. The Purchase of a Paper
73. The First Meeting with Howells
74. The Wedding-Day
75. As to Destiny
76. On the Buffalo “Express”
77. The “Galaxy”
78. The Primrose Path
79. The Old Human Story
80. Literary Projects
81. Some Further Literary Matters
82. The Writing of “Roughing it”
83. Lecturing Days
84. “Roughing it”
85. A Birth, a Death, and a Voyage
86. England
87. The Book that was Never Written
88. “The Gilded Age”
89. Planning a New Home
90. A Long English Holiday
91. A London Lecture
92. Further London Lecture Triumphs
93. The Real Colonel Sellers-Golden Days
94. Beginning “Tom Sawyer”
95. An “Atlantic” Story and a Play
96. The New Home
97. The Walk to Boston
98. “Old Times on the Mississippi”
99. A Typewriter, and a Joke on Aldrich
100. Raymond, Mental Telegraphy, Etc.
101. Concluding “Tom Sawyer”— Mark Twain’s “Editors”
102. “Sketches New and Old”
103. “Atlantic” Days
104. Mark Twain and His Wife
105. Mark Twain at Forty
106. His First Stage Appearance
107. Howells, Clemens, and “George”
108. Summer Labors at Quarry Farm
109. The Public Appearance of “Tom Sawyer”
110. Mark Twain and Bret Harte Write a Play
111. A Bermuda Holiday
112. A New Play and a New Tale
113. Two Domestic Dramas
114. The Whittier Birthday Speech
115. Hartford and Billiards
116. Off for Germany
117. Germany and German
118. Tramping with Twichell
119. Italian Days
120. In Munich
121. Paris, England, and Homeward Bound
122. An Interlude
123. The Grant Speech of 1879
124. Another “Atlantic” Speech
125. The Quieter Things of Home
126. “A Tramp Abroad”
127. Letters, Tales, and Plans
128. Mark Twain’s Absent-Mindedness
129. Further Affairs at the Farm
130. Copyright and Other Fancies
131. Working for Garfield
132. A New Publisher
133. The Three Fires — Some Benefactions
134. Literary Projects and a Monument to Adam
135. A Trip with Sherman and an Interview with Grant.
136. “The Prince and the Pauper”
137. Certain Attacks and Reprisals
138. Many Undertakings
139. Financial and Literary
140. Down the River
141. Literature and Philosophy
142. “Life on the Mississippi”
143. A Guest of Royalty
144. A Summer Literary Harvest
145. Howells and Clemens Write a Play
146. Distinguished Visitors
147. The Fortunes of a Play
148. Cable and His Great Joke
149. Mark Twain in Business
150. Farm Pictures
151. Mark Twain Mugwumps
152. Platforming with Cable
153. Huck Finn Comes into His Own
154. The Memoirs of General Grant
155. Days with a Dying Hero
156. The Close of a Great Career
157. Minor Matters of a Great Year
158. Mark Twain at Fifty
159. The Life of the Pope
160. A Great Publisher at Home
161. History: Mainly by Susy
162. Browning, Meredith, and Meisterschaft
163. Letter to the Queen of England
164. Some Further Account of Charles L. Webster & Co.
165. Letters, Visits, and Visitors
166. A “Player” And a Master of Arts
167. Notes and Literary Matters
168. Introducing Nye and Riley and Others
169. The Coming of Kipling
170. “The Prince and the Pauper” On the Stage
171. “A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court”
172. The “Yankee” In England
173. A Summer at Onteora
174. The Machine
175. “The Claimant”— Leaving Hartford
176. A European Summer
177. Kornerstrasse, 7
178. A Winter in Berlin
179. A Dinner with William II.
180. Many Wanderings
181. Nauheim and the Prince of Wales
182. The Villa Viviani
183. The Sieur De Conte and Joan
184. New Hope in the Machine
185. An Introduction to H. H. Rogers
186. “The Belle of New York”
187. Some Literary Matters
188. Failure
189. An Eventful Year Ends
190. Starting on the Long Trail
191. (Continued.)
192. “Following the Equator”
193. The Passing of Susy
194. Winter in Tedworth Square
195. “Personal Recollections of Joan of Arc”
196. Mr. Rogers and Helen Keller
197. Finishing the Book of Travel
198. A Summer in Switzerland
199. Winter in Vienna
200. Mark Twain Pays His Debts
201. Social Life in Vienna
202. Literary Work in Vienna
203. An Imperial Tragedy
204. The Second Winter in Vienna
205. Speeches that Were Not Made
206. A Summer in Sweden
207. 30, Wellington Court
208. Mark Twain and the Wars
209. Plasmon, and a New Magazine
210. London Social Affairs
211. Dollis Hill and Home
212. The Return of the Conqueror
213. Mark Twain — General Spokesman
214. Mark Twain and the Missionaries
215. Summer at “The Lair”
216. Riverdale — A Yale Degree
217. Mark Twain in Politics
218. New Interests and Investments
219. Yachting and Theology
220. Mark Twain and the Philippines
221. The Return of the Native
222. A Prophet Honored in His Country
223. At York Harbor
224. The Sixty-Seventh Birthday Dinner
225. Christian Science Controversies
226. “Was it Heaven? Or Hell?”
227. The Second Riverdale Winter
228. Proffered Honors
229. The Last Summer at Elmira
230. The Return to Florence
231. The Close of a Beautiful Life
232. The Sad Journey Home
233. Beginning Another Home
234. Life at 21 Fifth Avenue
235. A Summer in New Hampshire
236. At Pier 70
237. Aftermath
238. The Writer Meets Mark Twain
239. Working with Mark Twain
240. The Definition of a Gentleman
241. Gorky, Howells, and Mark Twain
242. Mark Twain’s Good-By to the Platform
243. An Investment in Redding
244. Traits and Philosophies
245. In the Day’s Round
246. The Second Summer at Dublin
247. Dublin, Continued
248. “What is Man?” And the Autobiography
249. Billiards
250. Philosophy and Pessimism
251. A Lobbying Expedition
252. Theology and Evolution
253. An Evening with Helen Keller
254. Billiard-Room Notes
255. Further Personalities
256. Honors from Oxford
257. A True English Welcome
258. Doctor of Literature, Oxford
259. London Social Honors
260. Matters Psychic and Otherwise
261. Minor Events and Diversions
262. From Mark Twain’s Mail
263. Some Literary Luncheons
264. “Captain Stormfield” In Print
265. Lotos Club Honors
266. A Winter in Bermuda
267. Views and Addresses
268. Redding
269. First Days at Stormfield
270. The Aldrich Memorial
271. Death of “Sam” Moffett
272. Stormfield Adventures
273. Stormfield Philosophies
274. Citizen and Farmer
275. A Mantel and a Baby Elephant
276. Shakespeare-Bacon Talk
277. “Is Shakespeare Dead?”
278. The Death of Henry Rogers
279. An Extension of Copyright
280. A Warning
281. The Last Summer at Stormfield
282. Personal Memoranda
283. Astronomy and Dreams
284. A Library Concert
285. A Wedding at Stormfield
286. Autumn Days
287. Mark Twain’s Reading
288. A Bermuda Birthday
289. The Death of Jean
290. The Return to Bermuda
291. Letters from Bermuda
292. The Voyage Home
293. The Return to the Invisible
294. The Last Rites
295. Mark Twain’s Religion
296. Postscript
    A. Letter from Orion Clemens to Miss Wood Concerning Henry Clemens
    B. Mark Twain’s Burlesque of Captain Isaiah Sellers
    C. Mark Twain’s Empire City Hoax
    D. From Mark Twain’s First Lecture, Delivered October 2, 1866
    E. From “The Jumping Frog” Book (Mark Twain’s First Published Volume)
    F. The Innocents Abroad
    G. Mark Twain at the Correspondents Club, Washington
    H. Announcement for Lecture of July 2, 1868
    I. Mark Twain’s Championship of Thomas K. Beecher
    J. The Indignity Put Upon the Remains of George Holland by the Rev. Mr. Sabine
    K. A Substitute for Ruloff have We a Sidney Carton Among Us?
    L. About London
    M. Letter Written to Mrs. Clemens from Boston, November, 1874, Prophesying a Monarchy in Sixty-One Years
    N. Mark Twain and Copyright
    P. The Adam Monument Petition
    Q. General Grant’s Grammar
    R. Party Allegiance
    S. Original Preface for “A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court”
    T. A Tribute to Henry H. Rogers
    U. From Mark Twain’s Last Poem
    V. Selections from an Unfinished Book, “3,000 Years Among the Microbes”
    W. Little Bessie Would Assist Providence
    X. A Chronological List of Mark Twain’s Work Published and Otherwise — From 1851-1910


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