The Crime of the Congo and other military journalism by Arthur Conan Doyle

Автор: andrey4444. Опубликовано в Артур Конан Дойль

The book presents three documentary works of Arthur Conan Doyle - "The Crime of the Congo", "The German War", "A Visit to Three Fronts".

The Crime of the Congo is a 1909 book by British writer and physician Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, about human rights abuses in the Congo Free State, a private state established and controlled by the King of the Belgians, Leopold II.
The book was intended as an expose of the situation in the so-called Congo Free State (labelled a "rubber regime" by Conan Doyle), an area occupied and designated as the personal property of Leopold II of Belgium and where the serious human rights abuses were occurring. Indigenous people in the region were being brutally exploited and tortured, particularly in the lucrative rubber trade. In the introduction to The Crime of the Congo Conan Doyle wrote: "I am convinced that the reason why public opinion has not been more sensitive upon the question of the Congo Free State is that the terrible story has not been brought thoroughly home to the people", a situation he intended to rectify. Conan Doyle was "strongly of the opinion" that the crimes committed on the Congo were "the greatest to be ever known", and he lauded the work of the Congo Reform Association. Conan Doyle was dismissive of the annexation of the state by Belgium, a situation intended to end the personal rule of the King. Conan Doyle noted that slavery and ivory poaching continued to occur after annexation and that "The Congo State was founded by the Belgian King, and exploited by Belgian capital, Belgian soldiers and Belgian concessionnaires. It was defended and upheld by successive Belgian Governments, who did all they could to discourage the Reformers".

In the Daily Express the book was praised as "the most powerful indictment yet launched against the Belgian rulers of this bloodstained colony". The Express also noted that "After reviewing the early history of the Congo Free State Sir Arthur quotes the testimony of many unimpeachable witnesses regarding the brutalities of the 'rubber system' and the coldblooded mutilation and massacre of natives during the past fifteen years".

In two other works, the writer expresses his thoughts about world war and his visits to the various fronts of the war.

Table of Contents:

THE CRIME OF THE CONGO
    Preface
    Introduction
    How the Congo Free State Came to be Founded
    The Development of the Congo State
    The Working of the System
    First Fruits of the System
    Further Fruits of the System
    Voices from the Darkness
    Consul Roger Casement’s Report
    King Leopold’s Commission and Its Report
    The Congo After the Commission
    Some Catholic Testimony as to the Congo
    The Evidence Up to Date
    The Political Situation
    Some Congolese Apologies
    Solutions

THE GERMAN WAR
    PREFACE
    I. THE CAUSES OF THE WAR
    II. THE WORLD-WAR CONSPIRACY
    III. THE DEVIL’S DOCTRINE
    IV. THE GREAT GERMAN PLOT
    V. THE “CONTEMPTIBLE LITTLE ARMY”
    VI. A POLICY OF MURDER
    VII. MADNESS
    VIII. GREAT BRITAIN AND THE NEXT WAR
    IX. AFTERTHOUGHTS

A VISIT TO THREE FRONTS
    A GLIMPSE OF THE BRITISH ARMY
    A GLIMPSE OF THE ITALIAN ARMY
    A GLIMPSE OF THE FRENCH LINE

 

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 Audiobook. A Visit to Three Fronts June 1916 by Sir Arthur Conan DOYLE